diabetes

diabetes
   Properly diabetes mellitus, it is a disease characterized by high blood sugar levels and sugar in the urine. Diabetes is really several disorders, generally broken down into juvenile onset and adult onset. The first, currently called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM or Type I), is somewhat hereditary, and results from inadequate synthesis of native insulin or sometimes from auto-immunity or a virus, and occurs most frequently in tissue-types HLA, DR3, and DR4. These folks tend to be lean. The other main group is known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM or Type II). It is caused by a combination of heredity, constitution, and lifestyle, where high blood sugar and high blood fats often occur at the same time, and where hyperglycemic episodes have continued for so many years that fuel-engorged cells start to refuse glucose, and the person is termed insulin resistant. These folks are usually overweight, tend to have fatty plaques in their arteries, and usually have chunky parents.

Herbal-medical glossary. 2015.

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  • Diabetes — Diabetes …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • diabetes — di a*be tes, n. [NL., from Gr. ?, fr. ? to pass or cross over. See {Diabase}.] (Med.) Any of several diseases which is attended with a persistent, excessive discharge of urine; when used without qualification, the term usually refers to {diabetes …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Diabetes — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda En medicina, el término diabetes comprende un grupo de trastornos metabólicos caracterizados por un aumento de la concentración de glucosa en el plasma sanguíneo[1] y puede referirse a:[2] Contenido …   Wikipedia Español

  • diabetes — f. endoc. Enfermedad endocrina que se caracteriza por un exceso de glucosa en la sangre (hiperglucemia) causada por el déficit de insulina. La diabetes puede clasificarse en cuatro tipos según el tipo de trastorno que presente: diabetes mellitus… …   Diccionario médico

  • Diabetes — mellitus (fachsprachlich); Harnruhr; Zucker (umgangssprachlich); Zuckerkrankheit; Zuckerharnruhr * * * Di|a|be|tes 〈m.; ; unz.; Med.〉 mit Erhöhung des Blutzuckers u. starker Wasserausscheidung verbundene Krankheit ● Diabetes insipidus Erkrankung… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • diabetes — (Del lat. diabētes, y este del gr. διαβήτης, de διαβαίνειν, atravesar). 1. f. Med. Enfermedad metabólica caracterizada por eliminación excesiva de orina, adelgazamiento, sed intensa y otros trastornos generales. 2. Med. diabetes mellitus. 3. Mec …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Diabetes — Sm Zuckerkrankheit erw. fach. (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. In der neoklassischen Fachsprache enthalten als neo kl. Diabetes mellitus, dieses aus gr. diabḗtēs Harnruhr und l. mellītus honigsüß . So bezeichnet nach dem typischen Symptom der Krankheit: dem …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Diabetes —   Titre abrégé Diabetes Discipline Endocrinologie Langue Anglais Directeur de publication Peter C. Butler …   Wikipédia en Français

  • diabetes — [dī΄ə bēt′ēz΄, dī΄ə bēt′is] n. [ME diabete < L diabetes, a siphon (in LL, diabetes) < Gr diabētēs < diabainein, to pass through < dia (see DIA )] any of various diseases characterized by an excessive discharge of urine; esp., DIABETES …   English World dictionary

  • diabetes — 1560s, from medical L. diabetes, from late Gk. diabetes excessive discharge of urine (so named by Aretaeus the Cappadocian, physician of Alexandria, 2c.), lit. a passer through, siphon, from diabainein to pass through, from dia through (see DIA… …   Etymology dictionary

  • diabetes — ‘Enfermedad metabólica’. Es voz llana: [diabétes], aunque en algunos países de América se oiga a menudo como esdrújula: ⊕ [diábetes]. Debe evitarse la deformación popular ⊕ diabetis …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

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